Dojo - A Videogame Intervention to Decrease Anxiety and Externalising Problems in Youth

Project Lead Category Project status
Angela Schuurmans Anxiety | Depression Completed

Many youth are having problems with regulating their emotions, which could - over time - result in anxiety and/or externalizing problems. Two projects tested the videogame intervention Dojo that teaches youth relaxation techniques in order to improve their emotion regulation. One project focused on preventing the exacerbation of anxiety among adolescents in high-schools. The other projects focused on youth with externalizing problems - often with co-morbid anxiety - in residential care.

Project team

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01-03-2024

Many youth are having problems with regulating their emotions, which could - over time - result in anxiety and/or externalizing problems. Two projects tested the videogame intervention Dojo that teaches youth relaxation techniques in order to improve their emotion regulation. One project focused on preventing the exacerbation of anxiety among adolescents in high-schools. The other projects focused on youth with externalizing problems - often with co-morbid anxiety - in residential care.

Dojo targets both anxiety and externalizing problems, and incorporates the principles of conventional treatment, while addressing its limitations. Dojo trains emotion regulation strategies (i.e., deep-breathing techniques, progressive muscle relaxation, positive thinking, and guided imagery) with instructional videos and by then engaging players in immersive and emotion evoking puzzles that challenge players to use these newly acquired strategies. To encourage players to effectively regulate their emotions, each challenge becomes increasingly difficult if the player’s heart rate increases. Thus, based on clinical research that shows that the combination of HRV biofeedback with emotion regulation training is effective in reducing anxiety—more so than either strategy alone–these techniques are the foundations of the game design in Dojo.

In the prevention project, a randomized controlled trial (n = 138) was conducted to test the effectiveness of Dojo for adolescents with elevated levels of anxiety. Adolescents (11–15 years old) "at-risk" for developing an anxiety disorder were randomly assigned to play Dojo or a control game (Rayman 2: The Great Escape). Adolescents’ anxiety levels were assessed at pre-test, post-test, and at three month follow-up, The present study revealed equal improvements in anxiety symptoms in both conditions at follow-up and no differences between Dojo and the closely matched control game condition. The present results are of importance for prevention science, as this was the first full-scale randomized controlled trial testing indicated prevention effects of a video game aimed at reducing anxiety. Future research should carefully consider the choice of control condition and outcome measurements, address the potentially high impact of participants’ expectations, and take critical design issues into consideration, such as individual- versus group-based intervention and contamination issues.

In the residential care project, 37 youth were randomly assigned to play Dojo (eight 30-minute gameplay sessions) or to treatment as usual (TAU). Measurements of anxiety and externalizing problems were conducted at baseline, post-treatment, and four-month follow-up through youths’ self-report and mentor-report. Intention-to-treat analyses revealed decreases in self-reported anxiety at posttreatment (p=.056) and self-reported externalizing problems at follow-up (p=.031), and mentor-reported anxiety at both posttreatment (p=.017) and follow-up (p=.005) for participants in the Dojo condition compared to the control condition. These findings show that Dojo is a promising, innovative intervention that engages high-risk youths.

Publications

  • Video Gaming and Children’s Psychosocial Wellbeing: A Longitudinal Study

    Lobel, A., Engels, R. C.M.E., Stone, L. L., Burk, W., & Granic, I. (2017). 46, 884-897.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 02-21-2017

  • Game on: The relation between gaming & emotion regulation development [Doctoral Dissertation]

    A. Lobel (2017). Game on: The relation between gaming & emotion regulation development. Doctoral Thesis. Radboud University.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 01-18-2017

  • Designing and Utilizing Biofeedback Games for Emotion Regulation: The Case of Nevermind

    Lobel, A., Gotsis, M., Reynolds, E., Annetta, M., Engels, R. C.M.E., & Granic, I. (2016). CHI'16 Extended Abstracts, May 07-12, 2016, San Jose, CA, USA

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 05-07-2016

  • DEEP: A Biofeedback Virtual Reality Game for Children At-risk for Anxiety

    van Rooij, M., Lobel, A., Harris, O., Smit, N., & Granic, I. (2016). CHI'16 Extended Abstracts, May 07-12, 2016, San Jose, CA, USA

    Author: Marieke van Rooij

    Upload date: 05-07-2016

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Two Cognitive-Behavioral Programs for Adolescent Girls with Subclinical Depression: A School-Based Program (Op Volle Kracht) and a Computerized Program (SPARX)

    Poppelaars, M., Tak, Y. R., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., Lobel, A., Merry, S. N., Lucassen, M. F. G., & Granic, I. (2016). Behaviour Research and Therapy, 80, 33-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2016.03.005

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 05-01-2016

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Effectiveness of an Immersive 3D Video Game for Anxiety Prevention among Adolescents

    Scholten, H., Malmberg, M., Lobel, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2016). PloS One, 11(1), e0147763. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147763

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-27-2016

  • Nevermind: Emotion Regulation in a Biofeedback Video Game

    Lobel, A., Gotsis, M., Reynolds, E., Annetta, M., Engels, R.C.M.E., & Granic, I. (2015). ESConS Neurogaming Conference. [Poster presentation].

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 05-05-2015

  • Videospellen: De Positieve Effecten

    Granic, I., Lobel, A., Poppelaars, M., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2015). Kind en Adolescent, 36 (1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12453-014-0066-8

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 01-22-2015

  • Autonomous and Controlled Motivation in a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing School-based and Computerized Depression Prevention Programs

    Poppelaars, M., Tak, Y. R., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., Lobel, A., Merry, S. N., Lucassen, M. F. G., & Granic, I. (2014). In Schouten, B., Fedtke, S., Schijven, M., Vosmeer, M. & Gekker, A. (Eds.), Games for Health 2014 (pp. 125-135). Germany: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-07141-7_17

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 10-29-2014

  • Associations between Children's Video Game Playing and Psychosocial Health: Information from Both Parent and Child Reports

    Lobel, A., Granic, I., Stone, L. L., & Engels, R. C.M.E. (2014). Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 639-643

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 10-01-2014

  • Stressful Gaming, Interoceptive Awareness, and Emotion Regulation Tendencies: A Novel Approach

    Lobel, A., Granic, I., & Engels, R. C. (2014). Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 222-227.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 04-03-2014

  • The Benefits of Playing Video Games

    Granic, I., Lobel, A., & Engels, R. C. (2014). American Psychologist, 69, 66-78.

    Author: Isabela Granic

    Upload date: 01-17-2014

  • The Sims: A Social Improvement Mechanism for Adolescents

    Lobel, A., Engels, R., Tuijnman, A., de Valk, T., & Granic, I. (2013, April). Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Seattle, WA.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 04-15-2013

  • Adam Lobel on Google Scholar

    Gaming, Emotion Regulation

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 03-01-2024

  • “Dojo”: A Videogame Intervention for Youths with Externalizing Problems and Anxiety. [A Pilot Study]

    Schuurmans, A. T., Nijhof, K. S., Vermaes, I. P. R., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2015). Games for Health Journal, 4, 401-408.

    Author: Angela Schuurmans

    Upload date: 10-01-2015

  • The Benefits of Playing Video Games

    Granic, I., Lobel, A., & Engels, R. C. (2014). American Psychologist, 69, 66-78.

    Author: Isabela Granic

    Upload date: 01-17-2014

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Effectiveness of an Immersive 3D Video Game for Anxiety Prevention among Adolescents

    Scholten, H., Malmberg, M., Lobel, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2016). PloS One, 11(1), e0147763. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147763

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-27-2016

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Effectiveness of an Immersive 3D Video Game for Anxiety Prevention among Adolescents

    Scholten, H., Malmberg, M., Lobel, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2016). PloS One, 11(1), e0147763. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147763

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-27-2016

  • “Dojo”: A Videogame Intervention for Youths with Externalizing Problems and Anxiety. [A Pilot Study]

    Schuurmans, A. T., Nijhof, K. S., Vermaes, I. P. R., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2015). Games for Health Journal, 4, 401-408.

    Author: Angela Schuurmans

    Upload date: 10-01-2015

  • Heterogeneity in some relationships between social media use and emerging adults’ affective wellbeing

    Griffioen, N., Scholten, H., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A. et al. Heterogeneity in some relationships between social media use and emerging adults’ affective wellbeing. Curr Psychol (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-04035-5

    Author: Nastasia Griffioen

    Upload date: 12-03-2022

  • Insights about Screen-use Conflict from Discussions between Mothers and Pre-adolescents: A Thematic Analysis

    Francis, K., Scholten, H., Granic, I., Lougheed, J., & Hollenstein, T. (2021). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 4686. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094686

    Author: Kathleen Francis

    Upload date: 04-28-2022

  • Young People’s Digital Interactions from a Narrative Identity Perspective: Implications for Mental Health and Wellbeing

    Granic, I., Morita, H., & Scholten, H. (2020). Psychological Inquiry, 31(3), 258-270. https://doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2020.1820225

    Author: Isabela Granic

    Upload date: 11-05-2021

  • Beyond Screen Time: Identity Development in the Digital Age

    Granic, I., Morita, H., & Scholten, H. (2020). Psychological Inquiry, 31(3), 195-223. https://doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2020.1820214

    Author: Isabela Granic

    Upload date: 11-05-2021

  • Everyone Does It—Differently: A Window into Emerging Adults’ Smartphone Use

    Griffioen, N., Scholten, H., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A. et al. (2021). Humanit Soc Sci Commun 8, 177. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-021-00863-1

    Author: Nastasia Griffioen

    Upload date: 07-20-2021

  • Mechanisms of Change in a Go/No-Go Training Game for Young Adult Smokers

    Scholten, H., Luijten, M., Poppelaars, A., Johnson-Glenberg, M. C., & Granic, I. (2021). Health Psychology, 40(12), 998-1008. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0001068

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 07-01-2021

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Effectiveness of a Peer-Based Social Mobile Game Intervention to Reduce Smoking in Youth

    Scholten, H., Luijten, M., & Granic, I. (2019). Development and Psychopathology, 31, 1923-1943. doi: 10.1017/S0954579419001378

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 06-17-2020

  • Use of the Principles of Design Thinking to Address Limitations of Digital Mental Health Interventions for Youth: Viewpoint

    Scholten, H., & Granic, I. (2019). Journal of Medial Internet Research, 21(1), e11528. doi: 10.2196/11528

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 06-16-2020

  • Hanneke Scholten on Google Scholar

    Technology; mental health; smoking behavior; intervention science; transdisciplinary science

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 06-02-2020

  • Designing and testing a game intervention to help youth quit smoking [Doctoral Dissertation]

    H. Scholten (2020). Designing and testing a game intervention to help youth quit smoking. Doctoral Thesis. Radboud University.

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-30-2020

  • Behavioral Trainings and Manipulations to Reduce Delay Discounting: A Systematic Review.

    Scholten, H., Scheres, A., De Water, E., Graf, U., Granic, I., & Luijten, M. (2019). Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 26, 1803-1849. doi: 10.3758/s13423-019-01629-2

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 07-03-2019

  • Do Smokers Devaluate Smoking Cues after Go/NoGo Training?

    Scholten, H., Granic, I., Chen, Z., Veling, H., & Luijten, M. (2019). Psychology & Health, 34(5), 609-625. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2018.1554184

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-29-2019

  • When Winning is Losing: A Randomized Controlled Trial Testing a Video Game to Train Food-Specific Inhibitory Control

    Poppelaars, A., Scholten, H., Granic, I., Veling, H., Johnson-Glenberg, M. C., & Luijten, M. (2018). Appetite, 129, 143-154. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.06.039

    Author: Anouk Poppelaars

    Upload date: 10-01-2018

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Effectiveness of an Immersive 3D Video Game for Anxiety Prevention among Adolescents

    Scholten, H., Malmberg, M., Lobel, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2016). PloS One, 11(1), e0147763. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147763

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-27-2016

  • Effectiveness of applied and casual games for young people's mental health: A systematic review of randomised controlled studies

    Wols, A., Pingel, M., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2024). Effectiveness of applied and casual games for young people's mental health: A systematic review of randomised controlled studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 102396.

    Author: Aniek Wols

    Upload date: 01-30-2024

  • A game-based school program for mental health literacy and stigma on depression (Moving Stories): Cluster randomized controlled trial

    Tuijnman, A., Kleinjan, M., Olthof, M., Hoogendoorn, E., Granic, I., & Engels, R. C. (2022). A Game-Based School Program for Mental Health Literacy and Stigma on Depression (Moving Stories): Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mental Health, 9(8), e26615. https://doi.org/10.2196/26615

    Author: Anouk Tuijnman

    Upload date: 08-17-2022

  • Digital Media and the Dual Aspect of Adolescent Identity Development: The Effects of Digital Media Use on Adolescents’ Commitments and Self-Stories

    Morita, H., Griffioen, N., & Granic, I. (2022). Digital Media and the Dual Aspect of Adolescent Identity Development: The Effects of Digital Media Use on Adolescents’ Commitments and Self-Stories. In J. Nesi, E. Telzer, & M. Prinstein (Eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Digital Media Use and Mental Health (pp. 63-84). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Author: Hiromitsu Morita

    Upload date: 06-30-2022

  • Visualization, Self-Efficacy, and Locus of Control in a Virtual Reality Biofeedback Video Game for Anxiety Regulation

    Weerdmeester, J., van Rooij, M. M. J.W., & Granic, I. (2022). Visualization, Self-Efficacy, and Locus of Control in a Virtual Reality Biofeedback Video Game for Anxiety Regulation. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 25 (6).doi: 10.1089/cyber.2022.0030

    Author: Joanneke Weerdmeester

    Upload date: 06-10-2022

  • Insights about Screen-use Conflict from Discussions between Mothers and Pre-adolescents: A Thematic Analysis

    Francis, K., Scholten, H., Granic, I., Lougheed, J., & Hollenstein, T. (2021). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 4686. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094686

    Author: Kathleen Francis

    Upload date: 04-28-2022

  • Deep-Breathing Biofeedback Trainability in a Virtual-Reality Action Game: A Single-Case Design Study With Police Trainers

    Michela, A., van Peer, J. M., Brammer, J. C., Nies, A., van Rooij, M. M. J. W., Oostenveld, R., Dorrestijn, W., Smit, A. S., Roelofs, K., Klumpers, F., & Granic, I. (2022). Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 29. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.806163

    Author: Abele Michela

    Upload date: 02-10-2022

  • From Wellbeing to Social Media Use and Back: Using a Novel Method to Assess the Bi-Directional Relationship Between Momentary Wellbeing and Social Media Use

    Griffioen, N., Van Rooij, M., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2021). From Wellbeing to Social Media Use and Back: Using a Novel Method to Assess the Bi-Directional Relationship Between Momentary Wellbeing and Social Media Use. Frontiers in Psychology: Human-Media Interaction, 12:789302.

    Author: Nastasia Griffioen

    Upload date: 12-24-2021

  • Young People’s Digital Interactions from a Narrative Identity Perspective: Implications for Mental Health and Wellbeing

    Granic, I., Morita, H., & Scholten, H. (2020). Psychological Inquiry, 31(3), 258-270. https://doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2020.1820225

    Author: Isabela Granic

    Upload date: 11-05-2021

  • Beyond Screen Time: Identity Development in the Digital Age

    Granic, I., Morita, H., & Scholten, H. (2020). Psychological Inquiry, 31(3), 195-223. https://doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2020.1820214

    Author: Isabela Granic

    Upload date: 11-05-2021

  • A game-based assessment of the effects of rejection on young adults.

    Tuijnman, A., Kleinjan, M., Chen, S., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2021). A game-based assessment of the effects of rejection on young adults. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 5(CHI PLAY), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1145/3474681

    Author: Anouk Tuijnman

    Upload date: 10-06-2021

  • Reductions of Anxiety Symptoms, State Anxiety, and Anxious Arousal in Youth Playing the Videogame MindLight Compared to Online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    Tsui, T. Y., DeFrance, K., Khalid-Khan, S., Granic, I., & Hollenstein, T. (2021). Games for Health Journal, 10(5), 330-338. https://doi.org/10.1089/g4h.2020.0083

    Author: Tiffany Y.L. Tsui

    Upload date: 09-28-2021

  • The Effect of Expectations on Experiences and Engagement with an Applied Game for Mental Health

    Wols, A., Hollenstein, T., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic (2021). Games for Health, 10(4), 207-219.

    Author: Aniek Wols

    Upload date: 08-09-2021

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing the Efficacy of a Virtual Reality Biofeedback Video Game: Anxiety Outcomes and Appraisal Processes

    Weerdmeester, J., van Rooij, M. M.J.W., Maciejewski, D. F., Engels, R. C.M.E, & Granic, I. (2021). A Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing the Efficacy of a Virtual Reality Biofeedback Video Game: Anxiety Outcomes and Appraisal Processes. Technology, Mind, and Behavior. doi: 10.1037/tmb0000028

    Author: Joanneke Weerdmeester

    Upload date: 08-05-2021

  • Mechanisms of Change in a Go/No-Go Training Game for Young Adult Smokers

    Scholten, H., Luijten, M., Poppelaars, A., Johnson-Glenberg, M. C., & Granic, I. (2021). Health Psychology, 40(12), 998-1008. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0001068

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 07-01-2021

  • Breathing Biofeedback for Police Officers in a Stressful Virtual Environment: Challenges and Opportunities

    Brammer, J. C., van Peer, J. M., Michela, A., van Rooij, M. M. J. W., Oostenveld, R., Klumpers, F., Dorrestijn, W., Granic, I., & Roelofs, K. (2021). Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 586553. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.586553

    Author: Jan Brammer

    Upload date: 03-12-2021

  • Can a commercial video game prevent depression? Null results and whole sample action mechanisms in a randomized controlled trial.

    Poppelaars, M., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Otten, R., & Granic, I. (2021). Can a commercial video game prevent depression? Null results and whole sample action mechanisms in a randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 575962. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.575962

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 01-12-2021

  • Effects of the video game ‘Mindlight’ on anxiety of children with an autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled trial

    Wijnhoven, L. A., Creemers, D. H., Vermulst, A. A., Lindauer, R. J., Otten, R., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2020). Effects of the video game ‘Mindlight’ on anxiety of children with an autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 68, 101548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2020.101548

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 09-01-2020

  • An Integrative Model for the Effectiveness of Biofeedback Interventions for Anxiety Regulation: Viewpoint

    Weerdmeester, J., van Rooij, M. M., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2020). Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(7), e14958.

    Author: Joanneke Weerdmeester

    Upload date: 07-23-2020

  • The Role of Motivation to Change and Mindsets in a Game Promoted for Mental Health

    Wols, A., Poppelaars, M., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2020). Entertainment Computing, 100371.

    Author: Aniek Wols

    Upload date: 07-07-2020

  • Mental Health Outcomes of an Applied Game for Children with Elevated Anxiety Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Non-inferiority Trial

    Schoneveld, E.A., Wols, A., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Otten, R., & Granic I. (2020). Journal of Child and Family Studies. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-020-01728-y

    Author: Elke Schoneveld

    Upload date: 06-24-2020

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Effectiveness of a Peer-Based Social Mobile Game Intervention to Reduce Smoking in Youth

    Scholten, H., Luijten, M., & Granic, I. (2019). Development and Psychopathology, 31, 1923-1943. doi: 10.1017/S0954579419001378

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 06-17-2020

  • Use of the Principles of Design Thinking to Address Limitations of Digital Mental Health Interventions for Youth: Viewpoint

    Scholten, H., & Granic, I. (2019). Journal of Medial Internet Research, 21(1), e11528. doi: 10.2196/11528

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 06-16-2020

  • Efficacy of a Virtual Reality Biofeedback Game (DEEP) to Reduce Anxiety and Disruptive Classroom Behavior: Single-Case Study

    Bossenbroek, R., Wols, A., Weerdmeester, J., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Granic, I., & van Rooij, M. (2020). JMIR Mental Health, 7(3), e16066. http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/16066

    Author: Aniek Wols

    Upload date: 03-24-2020

  • A Stimulated Recall Method for the Improved Assessment of Quantity and Quality of Social Media Use

    Griffioen, N., Van Rooij, M., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2020). J Med Internet Res 2020;22(1):e15529.

    Author: Nastasia Griffioen

    Upload date: 01-28-2020

  • Reducing the Noise of Reality

    Michela, A., van Rooij, M. M. J. W., Klumpers, F., van Peer, J. M. J. M., Roelofs, K., & Granic, I. (2019). Psychological Inquiry, 30(4), 203–210. https://doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2019.1693872

    Author: Abele Michela

    Upload date: 01-04-2020

  • Preregistration: The Effect of Expectations on Experienced Fun, Mood, State-Anxiety and In-Game Play Behaviours while playing MindLight

    Wols, A., Hollenstein, T., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2019). https://osf.io/6gmwv

    Author: Aniek Wols

    Upload date: 07-05-2019

  • Behavioral Trainings and Manipulations to Reduce Delay Discounting: A Systematic Review.

    Scholten, H., Scheres, A., De Water, E., Graf, U., Granic, I., & Luijten, M. (2019). Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 26, 1803-1849. doi: 10.3758/s13423-019-01629-2

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 07-03-2019

  • A Game-Based School Program for Mental Health Literacy and Stigma Regarding Depression (Moving Stories): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Tuijnman, A., Kleinjan, M., Hoogendoorn, E., Granic, I. & Engels, R.C. (2019). JMIR Research Protocols, 8(3):e11255, doi: 10.2196/11255

    Author: Anouk Tuijnman

    Upload date: 03-14-2019

  • What Keeps Them Motivated? Children’s Views on an Applied Game for Anxiety

    Schoneveld, E. A., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2019). Entertainment Computing, 29, 69-74.

    Author: Elke Schoneveld

    Upload date: 03-01-2019

  • Do Smokers Devaluate Smoking Cues after Go/NoGo Training?

    Scholten, H., Granic, I., Chen, Z., Veling, H., & Luijten, M. (2019). Psychology & Health, 34(5), 609-625. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2018.1554184

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-29-2019

  • When Winning is Losing: A Randomized Controlled Trial Testing a Video Game to Train Food-Specific Inhibitory Control

    Poppelaars, A., Scholten, H., Granic, I., Veling, H., Johnson-Glenberg, M. C., & Luijten, M. (2018). Appetite, 129, 143-154. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.06.039

    Author: Anouk Poppelaars

    Upload date: 10-01-2018

  • Explicit Mental Health Messaging Promotes Serious Video Game Selection in Youth with Elevated Mental Health Symptoms

    Poppelaars, M., Wols, A., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2018). Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01837

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 09-10-2018

  • The Impact of Explicit Mental Health Messages in Video Games on Players’ Motivation and Affect

    Poppelaars, M., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Kleinjan, M., & Granic, I. (2018). The impact of explicit mental health messages in video games on players’ motivation and affect. Computers in Human Behavior, 83, 16-23. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.01.019

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 07-01-2018

  • In-Game Play Behaviours during an Applied Video Game for Anxiety Prevention Predict Successful Intervention Outcomes

    Wols, A., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Schoneveld, E. A., & Granic, I. (2018). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40, 655-668. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-9684-4

    Author: Aniek Wols

    Upload date: 06-11-2018

  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anxiety in a Clinical Dutch Sample of Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Wijnhoven, L. A., Creemers, D. H., Vermulst, A. A., & Granic, I. (2018). Prevalence and risk factors of anxiety in a clinical Dutch sample of children with an autism spectrum disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 50. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00050

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 03-02-2018

  • User Statistics for an Online Health Game Targeted at Children

    Alblas, E. E., Folkvord, F., Anschutz, D. J., Ketelaar, P. E., Granic, I., Mensink, F., Buijzen, M. & van 't Riet, J. P. (2017). Games Health J, 6(5), 319-325. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2016.0114

    Author: Eva Alblas

    Upload date: 11-16-2017

  • Exploring the Role of Self-efficacy in Biofeedback Video Games

    Weerdmeester, J., van Rooij, M., Harris, O., Smit, N., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2017, October). In Extended Abstracts Publication of the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play (pp. 453-461). ACM.

    Author: Joanneke Weerdmeester

    Upload date: 10-15-2017

  • Developing and Testing ScrollQuest: A Video Game Targeting Rejection Sensitivity in Adolescents

    Tuijnman, A., Granic, I., Whitkin, J., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2017). In CHI PLAY'17 Extended Abstracts: Extended Abstracts Publication of the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play (pp. 213-221). New York, NY: ACM.

    Author: Anouk Tuijnman

    Upload date: 10-15-2017

  • Preventing Childhood Anxiety Disorders: Is an Applied Game as Effective as a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Based Program?

    Schoneveld, E. A., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2017). Prevention Science, 1-13.

    Author: Elke Schoneveld

    Upload date: 09-27-2017

  • Video Gaming and Children’s Psychosocial Wellbeing: A Longitudinal Study

    Lobel, A., Engels, R. C.M.E., Stone, L. L., Burk, W., & Granic, I. (2017). 46, 884-897.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 02-21-2017

  • A Neurofeedback Video Game (MindLight) to Prevent Anxiety in Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Schoneveld, E. A., Malmberg, M., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Verheijen, G. P., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2016). Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 321-333.

    Author: Elke Schoneveld

    Upload date: 10-01-2016

  • A Feasibility Study on the Effectiveness of a Full-Body Videogame Intervention for Decreasing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms

    Weerdmeester, J., Cima, M., Granic, I., Hashemian, Y., & Gotsis, M. (2016). Games for Health Journal, 5(4), 258-269.

    Author: Joanneke Weerdmeester

    Upload date: 08-01-2016

  • Designing and Utilizing Biofeedback Games for Emotion Regulation: The Case of Nevermind

    Lobel, A., Gotsis, M., Reynolds, E., Annetta, M., Engels, R. C.M.E., & Granic, I. (2016). CHI'16 Extended Abstracts, May 07-12, 2016, San Jose, CA, USA

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 05-07-2016

  • DEEP: A Biofeedback Virtual Reality Game for Children At-risk for Anxiety

    van Rooij, M., Lobel, A., Harris, O., Smit, N., & Granic, I. (2016). CHI'16 Extended Abstracts, May 07-12, 2016, San Jose, CA, USA

    Author: Marieke van Rooij

    Upload date: 05-07-2016

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Two Cognitive-Behavioral Programs for Adolescent Girls with Subclinical Depression: A School-Based Program (Op Volle Kracht) and a Computerized Program (SPARX)

    Poppelaars, M., Tak, Y. R., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., Lobel, A., Merry, S. N., Lucassen, M. F. G., & Granic, I. (2016). Behaviour Research and Therapy, 80, 33-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2016.03.005

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 05-01-2016

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Effectiveness of an Immersive 3D Video Game for Anxiety Prevention among Adolescents

    Scholten, H., Malmberg, M., Lobel, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2016). PloS One, 11(1), e0147763. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147763

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-27-2016

  • “Dojo”: A Videogame Intervention for Youths with Externalizing Problems and Anxiety. [A Pilot Study]

    Schuurmans, A. T., Nijhof, K. S., Vermaes, I. P. R., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2015). Games for Health Journal, 4, 401-408.

    Author: Angela Schuurmans

    Upload date: 10-01-2015

  • The Effect of the Video Game MindLight on Anxiety Symptoms in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Wijnhoven, L. A. M. W., Creemers, D. H. M., Engels, R. C. M. E., Granic, I. (2015). BMC Psychiatry, 15:138.

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 07-01-2015

  • Nevermind: Emotion Regulation in a Biofeedback Video Game

    Lobel, A., Gotsis, M., Reynolds, E., Annetta, M., Engels, R.C.M.E., & Granic, I. (2015). ESConS Neurogaming Conference. [Poster presentation].

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 05-05-2015

  • Videospellen: De Positieve Effecten

    Granic, I., Lobel, A., Poppelaars, M., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2015). Kind en Adolescent, 36 (1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12453-014-0066-8

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 01-22-2015

  • Autonomous and Controlled Motivation in a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing School-based and Computerized Depression Prevention Programs

    Poppelaars, M., Tak, Y. R., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., Lobel, A., Merry, S. N., Lucassen, M. F. G., & Granic, I. (2014). In Schouten, B., Fedtke, S., Schijven, M., Vosmeer, M. & Gekker, A. (Eds.), Games for Health 2014 (pp. 125-135). Germany: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-07141-7_17

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 10-29-2014

  • Associations between Children's Video Game Playing and Psychosocial Health: Information from Both Parent and Child Reports

    Lobel, A., Granic, I., Stone, L. L., & Engels, R. C.M.E. (2014). Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 639-643

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 10-01-2014

  • Stressful Gaming, Interoceptive Awareness, and Emotion Regulation Tendencies: A Novel Approach

    Lobel, A., Granic, I., & Engels, R. C. (2014). Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 222-227.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 04-03-2014

  • The Benefits of Playing Video Games

    Granic, I., Lobel, A., & Engels, R. C. (2014). American Psychologist, 69, 66-78.

    Author: Isabela Granic

    Upload date: 01-17-2014

  • The Sims: A Social Improvement Mechanism for Adolescents

    Lobel, A., Engels, R., Tuijnman, A., de Valk, T., & Granic, I. (2013, April). Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Seattle, WA.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 04-15-2013

  • A game-based school program for mental health literacy and stigma on depression (Moving Stories): Cluster randomized controlled trial

    Tuijnman, A., Kleinjan, M., Olthof, M., Hoogendoorn, E., Granic, I., & Engels, R. C. (2022). A Game-Based School Program for Mental Health Literacy and Stigma on Depression (Moving Stories): Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mental Health, 9(8), e26615. https://doi.org/10.2196/26615

    Author: Anouk Tuijnman

    Upload date: 08-17-2022

  • A game-based assessment of the effects of rejection on young adults.

    Tuijnman, A., Kleinjan, M., Chen, S., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2021). A game-based assessment of the effects of rejection on young adults. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 5(CHI PLAY), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1145/3474681

    Author: Anouk Tuijnman

    Upload date: 10-06-2021

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing the Efficacy of a Virtual Reality Biofeedback Video Game: Anxiety Outcomes and Appraisal Processes

    Weerdmeester, J., van Rooij, M. M.J.W., Maciejewski, D. F., Engels, R. C.M.E, & Granic, I. (2021). A Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing the Efficacy of a Virtual Reality Biofeedback Video Game: Anxiety Outcomes and Appraisal Processes. Technology, Mind, and Behavior. doi: 10.1037/tmb0000028

    Author: Joanneke Weerdmeester

    Upload date: 08-05-2021

  • The additive effect of CBT elements on the video game ‘Mindlight’ in decreasing anxiety symptoms of children with autism spectrum disorder.

    Wijnhoven, L. A., Engels, R. C., Onghena, P., Otten, R., & Creemers, D. H. (2022). The additive effect of CBT elements on the video game ‘Mindlight’ in decreasing anxiety symptoms of children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 52, 150-168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-04927-8

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 03-03-2021

  • Effects of the video game ‘Mindlight’ on anxiety of children with an autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled trial

    Wijnhoven, L. A., Creemers, D. H., Vermulst, A. A., Lindauer, R. J., Otten, R., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2020). Effects of the video game ‘Mindlight’ on anxiety of children with an autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 68, 101548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2020.101548

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 09-01-2020

  • An Integrative Model for the Effectiveness of Biofeedback Interventions for Anxiety Regulation: Viewpoint

    Weerdmeester, J., van Rooij, M. M., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2020). Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(7), e14958.

    Author: Joanneke Weerdmeester

    Upload date: 07-23-2020

  • Prevalence of comorbid depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in children with autism spectrum disorder and elevated anxiety symptoms.

    Wijnhoven, L. A., Niels-Kessels, H., Creemers, D. H., Vermulst, A. A., Otten, R., & Engels, R. C. (2019). Prevalence of comorbid depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in children with autism spectrum disorder and elevated anxiety symptoms. Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health, 31(1), 77-84. https://doi.org/10.2989/17280583.2019.1608830

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 05-20-2019

  • A Game-Based School Program for Mental Health Literacy and Stigma Regarding Depression (Moving Stories): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Tuijnman, A., Kleinjan, M., Hoogendoorn, E., Granic, I. & Engels, R.C. (2019). JMIR Research Protocols, 8(3):e11255, doi: 10.2196/11255

    Author: Anouk Tuijnman

    Upload date: 03-14-2019

  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anxiety in a Clinical Dutch Sample of Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Wijnhoven, L. A., Creemers, D. H., Vermulst, A. A., & Granic, I. (2018). Prevalence and risk factors of anxiety in a clinical Dutch sample of children with an autism spectrum disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 50. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00050

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 03-02-2018

  • Exploring the Role of Self-efficacy in Biofeedback Video Games

    Weerdmeester, J., van Rooij, M., Harris, O., Smit, N., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2017, October). In Extended Abstracts Publication of the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play (pp. 453-461). ACM.

    Author: Joanneke Weerdmeester

    Upload date: 10-15-2017

  • Developing and Testing ScrollQuest: A Video Game Targeting Rejection Sensitivity in Adolescents

    Tuijnman, A., Granic, I., Whitkin, J., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2017). In CHI PLAY'17 Extended Abstracts: Extended Abstracts Publication of the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play (pp. 213-221). New York, NY: ACM.

    Author: Anouk Tuijnman

    Upload date: 10-15-2017

  • Video Gaming and Children’s Psychosocial Wellbeing: A Longitudinal Study

    Lobel, A., Engels, R. C.M.E., Stone, L. L., Burk, W., & Granic, I. (2017). 46, 884-897.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 02-21-2017

  • A Neurofeedback Video Game (MindLight) to Prevent Anxiety in Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Schoneveld, E. A., Malmberg, M., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Verheijen, G. P., Engels, R. C., & Granic, I. (2016). Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 321-333.

    Author: Elke Schoneveld

    Upload date: 10-01-2016

  • Designing and Utilizing Biofeedback Games for Emotion Regulation: The Case of Nevermind

    Lobel, A., Gotsis, M., Reynolds, E., Annetta, M., Engels, R. C.M.E., & Granic, I. (2016). CHI'16 Extended Abstracts, May 07-12, 2016, San Jose, CA, USA

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 05-07-2016

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Two Cognitive-Behavioral Programs for Adolescent Girls with Subclinical Depression: A School-Based Program (Op Volle Kracht) and a Computerized Program (SPARX)

    Poppelaars, M., Tak, Y. R., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., Lobel, A., Merry, S. N., Lucassen, M. F. G., & Granic, I. (2016). Behaviour Research and Therapy, 80, 33-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2016.03.005

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 05-01-2016

  • A Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Effectiveness of an Immersive 3D Video Game for Anxiety Prevention among Adolescents

    Scholten, H., Malmberg, M., Lobel, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2016). PloS One, 11(1), e0147763. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147763

    Author: Hanneke Scholten

    Upload date: 01-27-2016

  • “Dojo”: A Videogame Intervention for Youths with Externalizing Problems and Anxiety. [A Pilot Study]

    Schuurmans, A. T., Nijhof, K. S., Vermaes, I. P. R., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Granic, I. (2015). Games for Health Journal, 4, 401-408.

    Author: Angela Schuurmans

    Upload date: 10-01-2015

  • The Effect of the Video Game MindLight on Anxiety Symptoms in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Wijnhoven, L. A. M. W., Creemers, D. H. M., Engels, R. C. M. E., Granic, I. (2015). BMC Psychiatry, 15:138.

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 07-01-2015

  • Videospellen: De Positieve Effecten

    Granic, I., Lobel, A., Poppelaars, M., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2015). Kind en Adolescent, 36 (1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12453-014-0066-8

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 01-22-2015

  • Autonomous and Controlled Motivation in a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing School-based and Computerized Depression Prevention Programs

    Poppelaars, M., Tak, Y. R., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Engels, R. C. M. E., Lobel, A., Merry, S. N., Lucassen, M. F. G., & Granic, I. (2014). In Schouten, B., Fedtke, S., Schijven, M., Vosmeer, M. & Gekker, A. (Eds.), Games for Health 2014 (pp. 125-135). Germany: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-07141-7_17

    Author: Marlou Poppelaars

    Upload date: 10-29-2014

  • Associations between Children's Video Game Playing and Psychosocial Health: Information from Both Parent and Child Reports

    Lobel, A., Granic, I., Stone, L. L., & Engels, R. C.M.E. (2014). Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 639-643

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 10-01-2014

  • Stressful Gaming, Interoceptive Awareness, and Emotion Regulation Tendencies: A Novel Approach

    Lobel, A., Granic, I., & Engels, R. C. (2014). Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 222-227.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 04-03-2014

  • The Benefits of Playing Video Games

    Granic, I., Lobel, A., & Engels, R. C. (2014). American Psychologist, 69, 66-78.

    Author: Isabela Granic

    Upload date: 01-17-2014

  • Randomized Controlled Trial Testing the Effectiveness of a Depression Prevention Program (‘Op Volle Kracht’) Among Adolescent Girls with Elevated Depressive Symptoms

    Wijnhoven, L. A. M. W., Creemers, D. H. M., Vermulst, A. A., Scholte, R. H. J., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2013). Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1-12.

    Author: Lieke Wijnhoven

    Upload date: 07-27-2013

  • The Sims: A Social Improvement Mechanism for Adolescents

    Lobel, A., Engels, R., Tuijnman, A., de Valk, T., & Granic, I. (2013, April). Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Seattle, WA.

    Author: Adam Lobel

    Upload date: 04-15-2013

Project team

Adam Lobel title=
Adam Lobel

User Research Analyst at Ubisoft Montréal. My favorite games tell emotionally rich stories and challenge me to think differently

Function

User Research Analyst

Contact

E-mail Adam

Angela Schuurmans title=
Angela Schuurmans

Researcher, writer, and photography addict. Loves animals and lives together with one dog, two bunnies, and eight chickens.

Function

PhD Candidate

Contact

E-mail Angela

Isabela Granic title=
Isabela Granic
Director of GEMH Lab

Professor and Chair of the Developmental Psychopathology department in the Behavioural Science Institute; writer; voracious podcast consumer; mother of two upstanding little gamers

Function

Professor at McMaster's University & Co-founder of PlayNice Interactive

Contact

E-mail Isabela

Hanneke Scholten title=
Hanneke Scholten
Co-Director of GEMH Lab

Researcher, interdisciplinary work and collaboration, wants to understand the how's and why's, loves her high heels and coffee in the morning, walks and talks too fast.

Function

Assistant Professor at Erasmus MC Sophia Children's Hospital

Contact

E-mail Hanneke

Rutger Engels title=
Rutger Engels

Function

CEO at Trimbos Institute / Professor Developmental Psychopathology Utrecht University

Contact

E-mail Rutger